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AMA (11th ed.) Style Guide: PowerPoint Slideshow

An introductory guide to creating end-of-paper references in accordance with the 11th edition of the AMA Manual of Style (2020).


BASIC COMPONENTS (PowerPoint Slideshow)

  • AUTHOR NAME(S) (if any) [period]
  • TITLE OF SLIDESHOW (if any) [period]
  • PowerPoint slideshow [period]
  • DATE OF PUBLICATION (if any) [period]
  • DATE OF UPDATE (if any) [period]
  • DATE OF ACCESS [period]
  • URL




1 Author

Last name first, followed by first initial and (if given) additional initials. End with a period. No blank space between initials.


Cooper T.
Berben SAA.
Gausche-Hill M.
de la Peña SK.

2 to 6 Authors

Separate multiple authors with a comma. End the list with a period. Do not add the word "and" before the final author name.


Oren E, Kiene SM.

Schanler RJ, Kiechl-Kohlendorfer U, Kim JH.

Rivadeneyra-Posadas JJ, Cubo E, Simón-Vicente L, Garcia-Bustillo Á.

Zhang N, Xiong X, Xu J, Zeng Q, Li J.

Crowder L, Welniak TL, Hoogland AI, Small BJ, Rodriguez Y, Carpenter KM.

7 or More Authors

List only the first three authors. Separate names with a comma. Do not add the word "and" before the final author name. Add a comma and the phrase "et al" after the third author, followed by a period.


Mohammed WS, Al-Makramani BMA, Mehta V, et al.

Williams J, Gustafson M, Bai Y, et al.

Villegas-Aguilar E, Ropero-Padilla C, Martin-Ibañez L, et al.



Capitalize the first letter of the first word of the title. All other words remain fully uncapitalized except for: 1) the first letter of proper nouns; 2) acronyms; 3) other miscellaneous circumstances. Do not enclose the full title in quotation marks. Do not capitalize the first letter of the first word of a subtitle (unless it constitutes an exception).

If no title is given, substitute the phrase "PowerPoint slideshow."


OSHA workplace injuries.

Histology of tongue, liver & pancreas.

The Soviet Union: rise and fall of a superpower.

The IARC monographs: volume 112, glyphosate evaluation.

Who's your daddy? and mommy? a Mendelian genetics inquiry lab on corn with optional chi-square test.



Include the phrase "PowerPoint slideshow."


PowerPoint slideshow.



List the month and day (if given), followed by a comma and the year. Do not abbreviate the month.


May 5, 2021.

October 18, 1996.

February 2007.



Include the word "Updated" followed by the date of last update (month day [comma] year). Do not abbreviate the month.


Updated June 29, 2001.

Updated December 3, 1999.

Updated March 12, 2020.



Include the word "Accessed" followed by the date of access (month day [comma] year) and a period. Do not abbreviate the month. Then add the URL for the website. Do not include a period after the URL.


Accessed December 14, 2019.

Accessed July 8, 2022.

Accessed January 20, 2023.


SAMPLE REFERENCES (PowerPoint Slideshow)

Patterson A. Future of nursing 2020-2030. PowerPoint slideshow. November 20, 2019. Accessed March 30, 2021.

Hooker RS. Physician assistant collaborative roles. PowerPoint slideshow. October 2009. Accessed May 1, 2013.

Fields C, Greenlee D, Hoffman A, Magsig M, Ross J, Woltenberg L. Kentucky physician assistant preparedness to treat patients with substance use disorder (KPAP). PowerPoint slideshow. Accessed February 3, 2022.

Wilson DE, Muma R. PACKRAT: a predictor of success on the PANCE. PowerPoint slideshow. Accessed January 7, 2023.

Vo B, Melgar K, Chiang N, et al. A student-run free clinic: how involvement leads to an educational experience. PowerPoint slideshow. Accessed December 18, 2022.