BASIC COMPONENTS (Book with 2 to 6 Authors)
For e-books, add the following:
ARRANGING AND FORMATTING COMPONENTS
Last name first, followed by first initial and (if given) additional initials. No blank space between initials.
de la Peña SK
Separate multiple authors with a comma. End the list with a period. Do not add the word "and" before the final author name.
Oren E, Kiene SM.
Schanler RJ, Kiechl-Kohlendorfer U, Kim JH.
Rivadeneyra-Posadas JJ, Cubo E, Simón-Vicente L, Garcia-Bustillo Á.
Zhang N, Xiong X, Xu J, Zeng Q, Li J.
Crowder L, Welniak TL, Hoogland AI, Small BJ, Rodriguez Y, Carpenter KM.
TITLE OF BOOK
Italicize the full title. Capitalize the first letter of major words. Articles, conjunctions, prepositions (3 or fewer letters), and the "to" in infinitives should all remain in lowercase. End with a period.
Everything I Know About Women I Learned From My Tractor.
How to Preserve Animal and Other Specimens in Clear Plastic.
Why Cats Paint: A Theory of Feline Aesthetics.
Electricity in Gynaecology: The Practical Uses of Electricity in Diseases of Women.
Knitting With Dog Hair: Better a Sweater From a Dog You Know and Love Than From a Sheep You'll Never Meet.
EDITION (if any)
Include edition information when given. Present numbers as ordinals--2nd, 3rd, 4th, etc. Do not superscript the letters (2nd = wrong; 2nd = right). Add the abbreviation "ed" followed by a period.
5th rev ed.
Include the publisher's name as given on the title page, modifying it as follows:
Add a semicolon following the publisher's name.
Springer Pub. Co. ►►► Springer Pub Co;
W.W. Norton & Company ►►► WW Norton & Co;
Holt, Rinehart and Winston ►►► Holt Rinehart & Winston;
Neil M. Davis Associates ►►► Neil M Davis Associates;
The University of Chicago Press ►►► University of Chicago Press;
YEAR OF COPYRIGHT OR PUBLICATION DATE
Include the year of copyright/publication, followed by a period.
DATE OF ACCESS / URL (e-books only)
Include the word "Accessed" followed by the date of access (month day [comma] year) and a period. Do not abbreviate the month. Then add a stable URL for the book. Do not include a period after the URL.
Accessed September 14, 2016. https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-030-84954-2
Accessed June 5, 2021. https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/writing-the-north-of-england-in-the-middle-ages/29AA7816EAC2F439455E0C6D288658EB
Accessed February 29, 2020. https://openresearchlibrary.org/viewer/538289f7-0248-48ff-aac3-3bdfecfecb8b
SAMPLE REFERENCES (Book with 2 to 6 Authors)
Chakrabarty B, Pandey RK. Electoral Dynamism of Indian Politics: Deciphering the Enigma. Sage Publications India Pvt Ltd; 2021. Accessed October 3, 2021. https://web.p.ebscohost.com/ehost/ebookviewer/ebook/bmxlYmtfXzMwMjQyNTFfX0FO0?sid=e75e3d81-8354-46ca-b5bf-a5474cac8db5@redis&vid=0&format=EB&rid=1
Hilty JA, Keeley ATH, Lidicker WZ Jr. Corridor Ecology: Linking Landscapes for Biodiversity Conservation and Climate Adaptation. 2nd ed. Island Press; 2019. Accessed January 12, 2023. https://web.p.ebscohost.com/ehost/ebookviewer/ebook/bmxlYmtfXzIwNDQ5NTBfX0FO0?sid=0bf7f15f-a147-4320-95fb-0d5a229c16dc@redis&vid=0&format=EB&rid=1
Crannell A, LaRose G, Ratliff T, Rykken E. Writing Projects for Mathematics Courses: Crushed Clowns, Cars, and Coffee to Go. Mathematical Association of America; 2004.
Ebert DS, Musgrave FK, Peachey D, Perlin K, Worley S. Texturing and Modeling: A Procedural Approach. 3rd ed. Morgan Kaufmann; 2003.
Stevens CS, Vogel R, Franklin J, Key E, Sawyer KV, Hiebert J. Unlikely Pursuits. Wings of Hope Publishing Group; 2016.