A primary research article reports on a study conducted by the authors. It is almost always published in a peer-reviewed journal. This type of article:
Words to look for as clues include: analysis, study, investigation, examination, experiment, numbers of people or objects analyzed, content analysis, or surveys.
To contrast, the following are NOT primary research articles (they are secondary sources):
* While literature reviews and meta-analyses are not primary research, they can be very helpful in your research. Look at the list of references at the end to discover more articles of interest.
Primary research articles (quantitative or qualitative) are written by professionals for professionals. They do not teach you about a topic the way a textbook does. A research article describes a specific research question, the process the researchers used to explore it, and their findings.
Here are some examples of research study articles:
da Fonseca, J. L., Magini, M., & de Freitas, T. H. (2009). Laboratory gait analysis in patients with low back pain before and after a Pilates intervention. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 18(2), 269–282.